The Chapada Diamantina National Park (Parque Nacional da Chapada Diamantina in Portuguese) is a 1,520 km² national park in the Chapada Diamantina region of Bahia state in the Northeast of Brazil. The park is located approximately 400 kilometres inland from Salvador, the capital city of Bahia.
Chapada means a region of steep cliffs, usually at the edge of a plateau. Diamantina refers to the diamonds found there by Germans in the mid 1800s.
“Chapada Diamantina earns its place on the list of ecotourism musts in Brazil, as it holds numerous natural records and monuments. Lapão Cave is the largest quartzite cave in the Americas, excellent for experienced rappellers. In addition, there are excellent cave-lakes, some of the best being Poço Encantado and Poço Azul. If you are an experienced cave diver, in search of an adventure, Chapada da Diamantina should be high on your list. Fumaça Waterfall, at 1,020 feet, is one of the highest in Brazil…”
– taken from Brazil Tourism Office (although links within the paragraph above are pictures from PBase by an amazing Brazilian photographer Alex Uchôa)