“From 1995 to 2008, poverty fell proportionately more in the southern region, despite registering the least average growth per capita of GDP during this period, it took the place of the Southeast as the Brazilian region with the lowest percentage of poor people. The conclusions are the result of a study by the IPEA (Institute of Applied Research), taken from data released by the National Research Through Home Samples, a part of the IBGE (Brazil’s Institute of Statistics).
In the South, the total number of poor (with an income of up to half a minimum salary per capita) corresponds to 34% of the population in 1995. The percentage fell to 18% in 2008 while in the Southeast, it went from 29.9% to 19.5%.
Curiously, the southern region had the least average growth of GDP per capita from 1995 to 2008: 2.3%, below 3.1% which is the national average. “The economic growth is necessary, although it isn’t sufficient”, said Marcio Pochmann, president of the IPEA.
According to him, the South has a strong industrial structure, that radiates its growth to the service sector –which fails to occur, for example, in the Central-West, where the largest expansion per capita of GDP occurred (5.3%).
In the Central-West, poverty lowered from 42.4% to 37%. There, it is said, the effect of agribusiness, that assured the growth, didn’t spread itself with much force to other sectors. In the country’s media, the proportion of poor people was at 28.8% in 2008, down from 43.4% in 1995.
According to the IPEA, the states with the lowest rate of poverty were Santa Catarina, Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro. The highest were registered with Piaui, Maranhao and Alagoas.” – Folha