According to Dieese (Department of Statistics and Socioeconomic Studies), the highest increases were observed in Recife (6.55%), João Pessoa (5.94%) and Belém (5.25%). Already the largest declines occurred in Salvador (-4.63%), Porto Alegre (-3.00%) and Campo Grande (-1.73%).
In just the first four months of the year, the 18 capitals had higher prices in regards to the “cesta básica” (or consumer basket). The biggest increases occurred in João Pessoa (22.33%), Aracaju (21.40%) and Recife (19.84%). The smallest increases were observed in Porto Alegre (6.08%) Florianópolis (7.36%) and Goiânia (8%).
In SP, the consumer basket rose 2.39%
São Paulo continued to be the capital with the highest-priced consumer basket (R$ 344.30). Compared to March, there was an increase of 2.39% in prices of essential commodities, the eighth largest in relation to the 18 state capitals. For the year, the increase was 12.92%. In comparison with April 2012, the increase is 24.18%.
Behind São Paulo, the capitals with the most expensive ‘basket’, according to research, are Manaus (R$ 339.64), Victoria (R$ 328.94) and Rio de Janeiro (R$ 327.52). The lowest values were observed in Aracaju (R$ 247.72), Salvador (R$ 268.05) and Campo Grande (R$ 271.65).
Tomatoes were more expensive in 10 capitals
According Dieese, prices of basic foods were influenced in April by the increases in milk, beans, flour, french bread and bananas. Fresh milk prices rose in 16 state capitals. The largest increases occurred in Brasilia (9.52%), Campo Grande (7.69%) and Rio de Janeiro (6.16%).
Already the price of beans was more expensive in 15 state capitals. The largest increases occurred in Goiânia (13.59%), Recife (11.67%) and João Pessoa (9.25%). Flour prices increased in 14 capitals, the price of French bread was more expensive in 13 locations and banana prices increased in 15 of the 18 state capitals.
The tomato, a product that had shown high prevalence in previous months, was even more expensive in 10 capitals. The largest increases occurred in Belém (18.55%), Recife (18.54%) and João Pessoa (17.66%). The decreases were recorded in eight locations, highlighting Salvador (-37.50%), Porto Alegre (-19.84%) and Goiânia (-16.19%). In the annual comparison, there was an increase in all 17 capitals, where information available. The major variations occurred in Rio de Janeiro (320.55%), Victoria (213.33%) and Aracaju (172.93%). The smallest increases were recorded in Salvador (14.35%) Manaus (65.95%) and Belém (86.36%).
Consumer basket exemption
According to Dieese, despite the April high, the behavior of the price of the items exempted by the federal government may have helped prevent a larger increase in the value of the ‘basket’ in 16 of the 18 state capitals.
In April, the vast majority of the set prices of commodities exempted by the federal government introduced a drop in prices in relation to the previous month, according to Dieese. Of the exempted products, five (such as meat, butter, coffee, sugar and oil) are part of the items that make up the ‘basket’.
Regarding the behavior of prices for capitals of Brasilia, Curitiba and Porto Alegre, there was a reduction in prices in all five exempted products. “In the vast majority of the capitals, this decrease reached four of the five items, indicating the predominance of decreases in commodity prices, among the state capitals,” it said.
Minimum wage should be R$ 2,892.47, says Dieese
According to Dieese, in April this year the minimum wage should be R$ 2,892.47, or 4.26 times the minimum wage of R$ 678.00. In March, the minimum was lower, amounting to R$ 2,824.92 or 4.17 times the current level. In April 2012, the amount necessary to meet the expenses of a family came to R$ 2,329.35, which represented 3.74 times the minimum then (R$ 622.00).
The value is calculated monthly by Dieese based on the cost of the São Paulo ‘basket’, and taking into account the constitutional provision which states that the minimum wage should be sufficient to defray the costs of a worker and his family with food, shelter, health, education, clothing, hygiene, transportation, leisure and welfare. – Source (PT)